Bang Pa-In – Nakhon Ratchasima Intercity Motorway Project (M6)

Project Background


The Bang Pa-In – Nakhon Ratchasima Intercity Motorway, with route designation M6, is one of the flagship projects included in the Strategic Action Plan of the Ministry of Transport’s Infrastructure Investment and the Ministry of Finance’s PPP Fast Track scheme, both of which are aimed at expediting the fruition of a range of mega-project plans designed to stimulate the Thai economy.
Civil work of the project, now under construction, is divided into 40 contracts so as to facilitate faster construction tasks thus enabling their meeting the planned work schedules. In regard to the Design and Build of motorway system, operations and system-wide maintenance following official route opening, the Cabinet, via a resolution passed on 22 August 2017, has given an approval for the Department of Highways to invite private entrepreneurs to participate in the investment and running of this project on the Public Private Partnership (PPP) Gross Cost platform, whereby the private sector party is to finance the system installation of motorway facilities for toll collection and traffic control surveillance system as well as to perform system-wide operation and maintenance services (O&M). With the PPP Gross Cost scheme, all toll revenue shall accrue to the public sector party while the private-sector operator shall be remunerated for the costs of system installation and his performance of route operation and maintenance according to pre-defined terms and conditions.

Project Details


1. Route Alignment

A system with comprehensive access control, the Bang Pa-In – Nakhon Ratchasima Intercity Motorway alignment is approximately 196 km long. The route alignment starts where it connects with the northern segment of the existing Outer Ring Road (or Kanchanaphisek Road) at Bang Pa-In District of Ayutthaya Province, and ends at the approach to the western Nakhon Ratchasima bypass in Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province.
There are ten (10) interchanges linking the M6 with major highways, plus nine (9) toll plazas. Designators and locations of these facilities are listed below:
Interchanges:
1) Bang Pa-In 1 Interchange
2) Bang Pa-In 2 Interchange
3) Wang Noi Interchange
4) Hin Kong Interchange
5) Saraburi Interchange
6) Kaeng Khoi Interchange
7) Muak Lek Interchange
8) Pak Chong Interchange
9) Si Khiu Interchange
10) Nakhon Ratchasima Interchange
Toll Plazas:
1) Bang Pa-In
2) Wang Noi
3) Hin Kong
4) Saraburi
5) Kaeng Khoi
6) Muak Lek
7) Pak Chong
8) Si Khiu
9) Kham Thale So
In addition, eight (8) motorway rest areas with related facilities for motorway users are provided. These are classified into 3 types as follows:
1) Rest Stop x 5
- Wang Noi
- Nong Khae
- Thap Kwang
- Lam Takhong
- Kham Thale So
2) Service Area x 2
- Saraburi
- Si Khiu
3) Service Center x 1
- Pak Chong
** Investment in and management of the Motorway Rest Areas are not included in the scope of the PPP for Operation and Maintenance package.

2. Construction Design Concept

A new approach will be employed in the construction of the M6 based on the latest motorway standards. Its carriageway will accommodate four to six lanes of traffic, paved with concrete with extra durability and requiring minimal maintenance. Typical Right of Way width is 70m. (ROW extends 20m on both sides where a service road is provided.) Width of a traffic lane is 3.60m; those of inner and outer shoulders, 1.50m and 3.00m respectively. The alignment is comprised of two sections, as follows:
• First Section: Bang Pa-In – Pak Chong (km. 0+000 – km. 109+500) is to be 6-lane, at-grade road; and
• Second Section: Pak Chong – Muang Nakhon Ratchsima (km.109+500 – km.195+943) is to narrow to a 4-lane, at-grade carriageway.
A number of underpasses and overpasses are provided throughout the alignment to minimize any potential impacts that might arise to local residents. Based on terrain conditions, several large viaducts are designed for specific locations, as follows:
• 6-lane viaduct, km. 40 – km. 47 section (Saraburi Bypass);
• 6-lane viaduct, km. 69 – km. 75 section (TPI Cement Plant);
• 6-lane viaduct, km. 82 – km. 84 section (Dairy Farming Promotion Organization of Thailand); and
• 4-lane viaduct, km. 125 – km. 143 section (Lam Takhong Dam)
Lam Takhong Viaduct

3. Toll Collection System

The M6 will feature a tolled access system wherein tolls will be charged on vehicles according to the distance traveled on the system (i.e. distance-based toll). Manual and Electronic Toll Collection methods will be utilized (i.e. MTC and ETC).
Appropriate toll rates have been defined, in compliance with the current economic and social conditions, taking into consideration both the expected toll revenues and the Economic Internal Rate of Return of the Project, as follows:
Type of Vehicle Toll Rates
(Fixed Entry Rate + Distance-Based Rate)
4-Wheeled Vehicles Baht 10 + Baht 1.25 /km.
6-Wheeled Vehicles Baht 16 + Baht 2.00 /km.
Vehicles with Over 6 Wheels Baht 23 + Baht 2.88/km.

4. Systems for route operation and management

To provide users with motoring convenience, speed and safety, it is essential to have the following systems installed:

1) Traffic Control Surveillance System

This system will help to reduce road crashes while it promotes more convenience and faster travels. A Control Center Building will be erected that houses a traffic operation center where commands can be relayed to a comprehensive array of traffic control and management system along the route, as described below:
ระบบกล้องโทรทัศน์วงจรปิด

Close Circuit Television System (CCTV)

to monitor traffic conditions on the motorway.
ระบบโทรศัพท์ฉุกเฉิน (Emergency Telephone System, ETS)

Emergency Telephone System (ETS)

to provide communications channel between motorway users and traffic control officers in case of emergency.
ระบบโทรศัพท์ (IP Phone)

IP Phone

to function as a communications channel linking all toll plazas.
ระบบป้ายปรับเปลี่ยนข้อความ (Variable Messenger Sign, VMS)

Variable Message Sign (VMS)

to communicate suggestions and warnings with text and symbols to motorway users.
ระบบป้ายสัญญาณปรับได้ (Matrix Sign, MS)

Matrix Sign (MS)

to display variable traffic signs and signals to suit the situation at hand.
ระบบนาฬิกามาตรฐาน (Clock System)

Clock System

displays a standard time for reference by the Toll Collection System and associated devices.
ระบบวิทยุสื่อสาร (Radio Communication)

Radio Communication

for receiving and sending radio communications covering the project area.
ระบบตรวจนับจำนวนยานพาหนะ (Vehicle Detector System, VDS)

Vehicle Detector System (VDS)

will be installed in each of the traffic lanes to obtain traffic counts for review and analysis.
ระบบสื่อสารข้อมูล (Graphic Display Panel)

Graphic Display Panel

to transmit and receive data between the Traffic Control Surveillance System / Toll Collection System and the Control Center Building (CCB).
ระบบคอมพิวเตอร์ควบคุมจราจร (Central Computer System, CCS)

Central Computer System (CCS)

to primarily manage the CCB central data.
ระบบเครือข่ายสื่อสารข้อมูล (Communication Network System)

Communication Network System

the backbone of system-wide communication network with a primary function in channeling data through a fiber-optic network.

2) Weight Control System

Two types of vehicle weight control system will be installed at toll plazas, i.e. a Dynamic or Weighing in Motion System (WIM) and a Static Weighbridge (SWB), in order to prevent damage to the motorway structure due to overladen trucks. A truck will be directed through the WIM first and be allowed to continue on the motorway unless the weight carried is exceeding a pre-defined limit. For the latter case, the truck will be required to proceed to the Static Weighbridge in order for a more accurate weight to be determined.

3) Emergency Rescue System

To offer security and assistance to motorway users in a case of emergency, a number of rescue systems will be positioned strategically along the project alignment in order for these units to quickly reach the scene of an incident or emergency.
Rescue personnel and equipment

5. Motorway Rest Area

6. Environmental and Community Impact Mitigation Measures

A development project of this size will quite likely cause some impacts to people as well as its surroundings. DOH therefore made a decision to design the project so as to avoid or minimize any likely impact on nearby communities and the environment. DOH’s care in this area led to an approval for its Environmental Impact Assessment Report (EIA) from the National Environment Board in 2006.
During the years that had transpired, many changes have been brought to the project area. Accordingly, DOH in 2016 decided to commission a re-assessment of the EIA report aiming to review details where significant changes from the previous conditions have occurred. As a result, findings of the new EIA study were approved by the National Environment Board in 2017.

Construction Schedule


For the M6 motorway construction work to finish and the route opened for service within 2020, DOH has come up with a construction schedule, as follows:
1) Civil Work: Construction work for the project has been underway since 2016. DOH has commissioned civil work on the Lump Sum contract basis.
2) System Installation and Operation and Maintenance (O&M): DOH is in the process of inviting private sector investment. Tender Call for the O&M contract is scheduled for February 2018.
3) Investment and Management of Motorway Rest Areas: Plans have been drawn up for private sector participation in the next stages of the project. (A separate PPP contract from the one for PPP O&M.)
1 Private sector party is to undertake the followings: facilities design, financial sourcing, system construction, toll collection system, traffic control and management system, data communications, power distribution, weight control system, maintenance, emergency rescue, public information service and user assistance.
2 Investment and Operation by a separate private investor: facilities design, construction, financing and operation for the motorway rest areas.
Investment in and management of the Motorway Rest Areas are not included in the scope of the PPP for Operation and Maintenance package.

Project Status


Progress of the Bangpa-In - Nakorn Ratchasima Intercity Motorway project is described below:
1) Civil Work Construction Contract: devided into 40 sub-contracts all of which have been awarded and signed. Progress is estimated at 24 percent (as of December 2017)
2) O&M PPP Contract: The cabinet approved the proposed PPP Gross Cost platform on 22 August 2017. DOH is proceeding with inviting private investors to tender for the work.
3) Rest Area PPP Contract: DOH is proceeding with preparations on related legal requirement and obtaining approval for a PPP financing scheme based on the government policy to expedite PPP undertakings. DOH is to implement the PPP tender process on Rest Areas in the upcoming phases of the Motorway project.
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